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USDA Visit Highlights Conservation Farming Gains in Uganda

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Value chain linkages have been key to the success stories reported during the two seasons that NCBA CLUSA has practiced Conservation Farming in Northern Uganda, USDA Program Analyst Lindsay Carter said during a recent three-day visit to NCBA CLUSA projects in the country.

Following a decades-long insurgency by the Lord’s Resistance Army that killed 100,000 people and displaced more than 2 million, efforts to solve food insecurity were hampered by a lack of knowledge to combat the effects of climate change on agriculture.

The Uganda Conservation Farming Initiative implemented by NCBA CLUSA and funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture has trained more than 60,000 smallholder farmers organized in 2,000 primary cooperatives and 13 Area Cooperative Enterprises (ACEs) and linked them to various partners.

The CF initiative works with partners along the value chain to promote farming technology adoption including producers, tiller service providers, input suppliers and their agents, producer organizations and marketing committees, financial institutions, buyers and tool manufacturers. Carter applauded NCBA CLUSA’s commitment to supporting the entire value chain.

‚ÄúNCBA CLUSA has done a good job of providing linkages,‚ÄĚ she said. ‚ÄúNow it‚Äôs up to the young co-ops to move forward.‚ÄĚ
The Nyeko Rac Cooperative in Uganda‚Äôs Lira District boasts 17 Producer Organizations comprised of 1,000 farmers‚ÄĒ960 of whom are practicing Conservation Farming. NCBA CLUSA partners with Tillers International to train farmers how to implement CF land preparation techniques.

‚ÄúIt only takes three hours to till an acre that used to take three days to prepare,‚ÄĚ Cooperative Chairman Opio Dennis told Carter. Using the three key principles of CF‚ÄĒminimum soil disturbance, organic soil cover and crop rotation‚ÄĒthe initiative saw the fledgling cooperative produce and market 968 tons of maize, 368 tons of soy beans and 51 tons of legumes in just two growing seasons, earning members ‚Äúsizeable commissions,‚ÄĚ Dennis said.

The cooperative is also securing inputs for its members in bulk from reputable suppliers, largely addressing the problem of counterfeit inputs on the market. This has increased member confidence in using improved inputs, resulting in higher returns for the members and fostering increased adoption of Conservation Farming.

The profits from sales‚ÄĒUS$80,231 from maize, $40,015 from soy beans and $7,284 from legumes‚ÄĒhave allowed the coop to purchase 2.5 additional acres of land, build an office and buy machinery to produce animal feeds, a relatively untapped business venture expected to diversify the co-op‚Äôs incomes.

In Dokolo District, M-Motivation‚ÄĒan herbicide and seed supplier partner‚ÄĒhighlighted the linkage established by NCBA CLUSA Uganda to the Dokolo Area Farmers Cooperative, which has seen its agro input supplies triple through new farming methods.

Ogwal Bonny, managing director of M-Motivation, explained the organization’s model, which has resulted in record sales of 21 tons of improved seeds. Before Conservation Farming techniques were implemented, only nine tons were produced, he said. Bonny attributes the capacity growth to the training NCBA CLUSA Uganda offered farmers in using improved seeds and good recordkeeping.

Carter also heard from NCBA CLUSA Uganda‚Äôs Agro Business Advisor Oliver Okello, who praised the organization‚Äôs partners who have worked cooperatively to make Dokolo achieve the best CF adoption rate. Talking to more than 300 farmers who gathered to meet the USDA representative, NCBA CLUSA Uganda Chief of Party Gretchen Villegas commended Dokolo Area Farmers Cooperative for a job well done and attributed it to the seven cooperatives principles which, she said, were all being practiced ‚Äúdiligently‚ÄĚ in Dokolo.

In Oyam District, Carter visited Grace Opono, a woman Tiller Service Provider (TSP) who after training with Tillers International, has embarked on training other farmers after buying an ox and settling education costs for her seven children. This season alone, Opono has ripped 250 acres and has already bought her own knapsack herbicide sprayer. She was also elected chairperson of the local women’s group, an achievement she attributes to Conservation Farming.

‚ÄúI am impressed by how Grace reaches out to other farmers to share her knowledge and skills. I believe soon all her neighborhood will be practicing Conservation Farming,‚ÄĚ Carter said.

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